What are the topics in pure mathematics?

What are the topics in pure mathematics? Pure Mathematics FieldsAlgebra & Algebraic Geometry.Algebraic Topology.Analysis & PDEs.Geometry.Mathematical Logic & Foundations.Number Theory.Probability & Statistics.Representation Theory. How do you write a PhD thesis […]

What is instrumentation bias?

What is instrumentation bias? Instrumentation can be a threat to internal validity because it can result in instrumental bias (or instrumental decay). Such instrumental bias takes place when the measuring […]