How do you describe gingival appearance?
Healthy gingiva is described as ‘salmon’ or ‘coral pink’. It may be pigmented, which reflects the ethnic origin of the subject. The gingiva is firm in consistency and firmly attached to the underlying alveolar bone. The surface of gingiva is keratinised and may exhibit an orange peel appearance, called ‘stippling’.
What causes rolled gingival margins?
When gums are healthy, each tooth is firmly held in place while maintaining a razor thin free gingival margin. Inflammation, such as that from gingivitis or periodontal disease, can cause the gums to look “puffy” or have a “rolled” margin.
What causes McCall’s festoon?
Semilunar-shaped enlargements of the marginal gingivae primarily on the labial surfaces of the anterior and premolar teeth, described by John Oppie McCall in 1922. They were believed to be caused by occlusal traumatism but this has not been confirmed by later studies.
What is festooned gingiva?
Exaggerated rolling of the free gingival margin. Usually associated with plaque induced inflammation.
What is gingival margin measurement?
Gingival Margin is the area of the gingiva closest to the tooth surface, commonly referred to as the ‘gum line’. -GM reflects recession of the gum line. -GM measures from the Cemento-Enamel Junction (CEJ). -GM is assigned a negative value of 1-10 when the gumline is above the CEJ.
Can interdental papillae grow back?
As with all gingival tissue, an interdental papilla is not able to regenerate itself, or grow back, if lost from recession due to improper brushing. If it deteriorates, it is gone permanently.
What is gingival margin?
The free gingival margin is the area located between the sulcular epithelium and the epithelium of the oral cavity. This interface exists at the most coronal point of the gingiva, which is also known as the crest of the marginal gingiva. The gingival margin (F) is the most coronal point of the gingiva.
What causes lingual recession?
Lingual recession in the area of mandibular anterior teeth is a commonly encountered and often ignored clinical scenario. Inflammation caused by calculus, prominent lingual freni and deleterious habits are the most common etiological factors.
Is recession a periodontitis?
Gingival recession can be caused by periodontal disease, accumulations, inflammation, improper flossing, aggressive tooth brushing, incorrect occlusal relationships, and dominant roots. These can appear as localized or generalized gingival recession. Recession can occur with or without loss of attached tissue.
What means festooned?
1 : a decorative chain or strip hanging between two points walls decorated with festoons of flowers. 2 : a carved, molded, or painted ornament representing a decorative chain Around the mirror were carved festoons of grapevines. festoon. verb. festooned; festooning; festoons.
What is Stillman’s cleft?
Aim of the study: Stillman’s cleft is a mucogingival triangular-shaped defect on the buccal surface of a root with unknown etiology and pathogenesis. The aim of this study is to examine the Stillman’s cleft obtained from excision during root coverage surgical procedures at an histopathological level.
What does festooning on the gingiva margin mean?
Festooned Gingiva – When the gingival margin continues to thicken, the condition takes on a lifesaver-like appearance: Exaggerated rolling of the free gingival margin. Usually associated with plaque induced inflammation. A rolled, lifesaver-shaped McCall’s Festoon.
How to thank TFD for the gingival festoon?
Enlargement of margins of the gingival tissues occurring in early gingival disease. Want to thank TFD for its existence? Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or visit the webmaster’s page for free fun content .
What does festooning do to a denture base?
Festooning is a procedure where the the denture base wax material is carved so that it can simulate the contours of natural soft tissues which are being replaced by the complete denture. what is gingival margin? FMA. 75112.
How does brand equity affect your profit margin?
Because a certain percentage of a company’s costs to sell products are fixed, higher sales volumes translate to greater profit margins. Customer retention is the third area in which brand equity affects profit margins.