How do you diagnose a popliteal aneurysm?

A popliteal aneurysm is bulging and weakness in the wall of the popliteal artery, which supplies blood to the knee joint, thigh and calf….We can diagnose you through tests that include:

  1. Ultrasound.
  2. Computed tomography (CT) scan.
  3. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.
  4. Angiography.

How common is popliteal artery aneurysm?

Popliteal artery aneurysms are the most common peripheral artery aneurysms, comprising 70% to 85% of the total aneurysms in the periphery. More than 95% of peripheral artery aneurysms occur in males, and the average age of patients at presentation is 65 years.

How is popliteal artery occlusion treated?

Thrombolytic therapy can be used to treat acute and subacute occlusions of the popliteal artery due to underlying stenosis. Thrombolytic therapy is most successful if initiated within 2 weeks after thrombosis (,6).

What is the threshold diameter for the popliteal artery to be considered aneurysmal?

The accepted definition of popliteal aneurysm is 1.5 to 2 cm. If the normal size of 9 mm is accepted, then 15 mm represents roughly a 50% increase.

What does a leg aneurysm feel like?

Sudden pain in your leg or foot. Your leg or foot being cool or pale or changing color. Tingling or numbness in your foot.

Can you feel an aneurysm in leg?

Possible symptoms include: A pulsating lump that you can feel. Leg or arm pain or cramping with exercise, called claudication. Leg or arm pain with rest.

How serious is an aneurysm in your leg?

Wherever they occur within the body, aneurysms can lead to limb loss or life-threatening complications either in the form of a burst or ruptured artery or the sudden blockage of the artery (also known as acute ischaemia) due to the build-up of a clot inside the aneurysm sac.

What are the consequences of occlusion of popliteal artery?

The abnormal calf muscle presses on the main artery behind the knee (popliteal artery), reducing blood flow to the lower leg. The lack of blood flow results in pain and cramping in the back of the lower leg during times of activity.

What happens if the popliteal artery is blocked?

The muscle and tendons near the knee are positioned so that they compress the popliteal artery – the main artery that runs through and behind the knee. Compression of the artery restricts blood flow to the lower leg and can damage the artery.

Is a popliteal aneurysm hereditary?

Popliteal aneurysms – what to look out for They can be more frequently found in people who have abdominal aortic aneurysms. Which may suggest a genetic / inherited predisposition to the development of aneurysmal diseases.

What is normal diameter of popliteal artery?

The mean diameter of the popliteal arteries was 0.74 SD 0.11 and the upper limit of normal was 0.96 cm. Thirty patients had aortic diameters greater than 2.5 cm (ectatic or aneurysmal aortas) but based on a popliteal diameter of 2 cm, no popliteal aneurysms were detected.

What happens when you have an aneurysm in your leg?

A leg aneurysm (say “ANN-yuh-riz-um”) is a bulge in a blood vessel (artery) in your leg. The bulge occurs in a weak spot in the artery. It can happen in one or both legs. Blood clots can form in this type of aneurysm and can block blood flow in your leg.

What is treatment for pulmonary aneurysm?

The traditional treatment offered to patients with pulmonary artery aneurysms was open thoracotomy followed by resection of the aneurysm and the involved lobe.

How do you repair a leg aneurysm?

The best procedure for repair involves an incision in the thigh, removal of the femoral artery aneurysm and reconstruction of the blood flow to the foot using either a vein or an “artificial artery” (prosthetic artery). Although stents have been used for this repair, it is much less common to do so and the results…

What is treatment for leg aneurysm?

Surgical repair is usually quite successful, durable, and can usually be performed with low risk. The best procedure for repair involves an incision on the leg, removal of the popliteal aneurysm and reconstruction of the blood flow to the foot using either a vein or an artificial artery.