How do you read tympanogram results?

  1. Type A tympanogram indicates normal middle ear status.
  2. Type AS tympanogram indicates a middle ear system that has a decreased mobility.
  3. Type AD tympanogram has a curve that demonstrates a high compliance/ static admittance (Ya).
  4. Type B tympanogram has a flattened curve with a low admittance.

What are normal tympanometry results?

Typically for children a volume range of 0.5 to 1.5 cc is typically considered normal, while for adults the range is 0.5 to 2.00 cc. This value is reported by the tympanometer, but not shown on the tympanogram graph.

What type of tympanogram is associated with otitis media?

A type B tympanogram with flat curve and normal canal volume is considered diagnostic of OME. Compared with all other types of tympanograms it has a sensitivity of between 56 and 73 percent and a specificity of between 50 and 98 percent in detecting OME confirmed surgically.

What type of tympanogram would you expect to see with otosclerosis?

If the ear canal volume is normal, the Type B tympanogram may be reflective of an advanced stage of otosclerosis or a middle ear filled with an effusion (possibly caused by an ear infection).

What does shallow Tympanogram mean?

“AS” ( S=shallow) tympanogram pattern has a low peak amplitude of compliance suggesting a stiffened middle ear system. AD (D=deep) tympanogram pattern occurs when the TM is very flaccid or when there is disarticulation of the ossicular chain. Type “B” tympanogram pattern is not diagnostic of middle ear effusion.

What does a Tympanogram show?

Tympanometry. Tympanometry tests how well your eardrum moves. This can help the audiologist know if you have middle ear fluid, a hole in the eardrum, or wax in your ear canal. The test can help find out if a child has an ear infection.

What does a flat tympanogram mean?

A flat tympanogram (type B) means a stiff tympanic membrane and predicts fluid in the middle ear (a positive predictive value of approximately 90%). A normal tympanogram (type A) means a middle ear without fluid and an intact tympanic membrane (a negative predictive value up to more than 95%).

What does a tympanogram show?

Can tympanometry be wrong?

Measurements of the movement of your eardrum are recorded in a tympanogram. You won’t be able to move, speak, or swallow during the test. If you do, it may give an incorrect result. The test takes about two minutes or less for both ears and usually takes place in a doctor’s office.

What is bilateral Tympanosclerosis?

Tympanosclerosis is the medical term for scarring of the ear drum. Scarring occurs after the ear drum is injured or after surgery. Commonly a small white area can be seen after a person has had middle ear ventilation tubes.

What does Type B Tympanogram mean?

Type B tympanograms are a flat line (Figure 2), which is consistent with middle ear pathology, such as fluid or infection behind the ear drum. This indicates negative pressure in the middle ear space, often consistent with sinus or allergy congestion, or the end-stages of a cold or ear infection.

Why is tympanometry 226 Hz?

The most commonly used probe tone has been 226Hz. This probe tone has some definitive advantages when testing the adult ear. That’s because the adult middle ear system is stiffness-dominated (compliance) at this frequency and the effects of mass and friction are minor.

Is sudden hearing loss reversible?

Sudden Hearing Loss: Usually Reversible. This happens when you lose all or part of your hearing all at once or over several days. About half of people with the condition regain their hearing on their own. It usually gets better in a week or two.

Does otosclerosis cause tinnitus?

Abnormal bone growth in the middle ear, known as otosclerosis, may also cause tinnitus, as can damage to your vestibulocochlear nerve, which transmits sound from your ear to your brain. Such damage may occur from acoustic neuroma tumor or drug toxicity, for instance.

What is Otosclerosis hearing loss?

Otosclerosis is a type of hearing loss involving the middle ear. It is a result of abnormal bone growth in the ossicles of the inner ear, usually of the stapes , which is one of the 3 inner ear bones (ossicles) involved in the conduction and amplification of sound.

What is otosclerosis or otospongiosis?

Otosclerosis, also known as otospongiosis, is a primary osteodystrophy of the otic capsule ( bony labyrinth of the inner ear ). It is one of the leading causes of deafness in adults. The term otosclerosis is somewhat of a misnomer.