How do you write a counter-argument and refutation?

Counterargument in two steps

  1. Respectfully acknowledge evidence or standpoints that differ from your argument.
  2. Refute the stance of opposing arguments, typically utilizing words like “although” or “however.” In the refutation, you want to show the reader why your position is more correct than the opposing idea.

What is a refutation in the counter-argument?

The literary term refutation refers to that part of an argument where a speaker or a writer encounters contradicting points of view. In the case of counter-argument, the writer acknowledges that there is substance in the contradicting argument, yet he provides evidence for his alleged stance.

What is a good example of a counter-argument?

These opposing positions are called counterarguments. Think of it this way: if my argument is that dogs are better pets than cats because they are more social, but you argue that cats are better pets because they are more self-sufficient, your position is a counterargument to my position.

How do you write an argumentative refutation?

  1. Step 1: Restate. The first part of refutation is for a student to restate the argument being challenged.
  2. Step 2: Refute. Here, students state their objection to a point in a simple sentence.
  3. Step 3: Support. This part of refutation parallels the “RE” (reasoning and evidence) in ARE.
  4. Step 4: Conclude.

What is the structure for counter argument & refutation paragraph?

Counterargument – at least one paragraph which explains the opposite point of view. Concession – a sentence or two acknowledging that there could be some truth to the Counterargument. Refutation (also called Rebuttal) – sentences which explain why the Counterargument is not as strong as the original Argument.

What is refutation example?

Refutation is when a writer or speaker argues against an opposing argument or viewpoint. Examples of Refutation: A defense attorney would refute the prosecutor’s statement that his client is guilty by providing evidence or logical statements that refute the claim. For example, in the O.J.

Is a refutation the same as a counter argument?

The term “counterargument” normally refers to a single argument that contradicts another single argument but a refutation can argue against a larger work consisting of many parts. In a refutation paragraph, which is sometimes called a concession paragraph, the writer acknowledges valid points of an opposing viewpoint.

What is literary evidence?

Evidence is a type of literary device that appears in different categories of essays and theses, in the form of paraphrase and quotations. It is presented to persuade readers, and used with powerful arguments in the texts or essays. If there is no evidence, the claim stands quashed. …

What is the ultimate refutation of an argument?

In rhetoric, refutation is the part of an argument in which a speaker or writer counters opposing points of view. Also called confutation. Refutation “makes the whole process exciting by relating ideas and arguments from one team to those of the other” (The Debater’s Guide, 2011).

What’s the difference between refutation and counter argument?

How do you write a thesis statement for refutation?

How to Write a Refutation Essay

  1. Find a controversial refutation essay topic.
  2. Analyze the main arguments of the opponent.
  3. Examine the reliability of the given arguments.
  4. Examine the logical consequence of the arguments and the thesis.
  5. Analyze each of the arguments from both these angles (factual and formal)

How to begin a counter argument?

How to start: First, start as early as possible. To find your subject, think about what you’re interested in, but also something that you’re not necessarily emotionally, politically, or personally tied to. Use online databases, looking up both sides of the issue. Be open to what you find!

What is an example of a counter argument?

However, in some cases presenting a counter argument can actually strengthen your thesis and weaken any arguments that opposite it. A counter argument can be any argument in opposition to a thesis. For example, if your thesis is that the sky is blue , a counter argument could argue that the sky isn’t blue.

What is a counterargument in an argumentative essay?

Debatable thesis statement in the Introduction

  • Argument – paragraphs which show support for the author’s thesis (for example: reasons,evidence,data,statistics)
  • Counterargument – at least one paragraph which explains the opposite point of view
  • Concession – a sentence or two acknowledging that there could be some truth to the Counterargument
  • What does counter argument mean?

    A counter argument is any argument that is opposed to your thesis. It explains why your thesis – in part of in full – is incorrect, and uses evidence and logical reasoning to undermine your thesis. Given this definition, it seems unusual that you would want to prepare an argument that rebuts your own thesis.