How does gallium arsenide work?

Gallium arsenide is a type III/V semiconductor, with high electron mobility and a high saturated electron velocity compared to silicon, enabling transistors made of gallium arsenide to function at frequencies over 250 GHz. Gallium arsenide devices are not sensitive to heat because of their wide-bandgap.

Why are gallium arsenide used in light activated devices?

This light also has a wavelength limited to the infrared region. For several decades, light emitting diodes have used materials such as gallium arsenide(GaAs), gallium arsenide phosphide(GaAsP), or gallium phosphide(GaP), which make PN junctions more efficient at producing light.

What is the formula of gallium arsenide?

Gallium arsenide/Formula

What does arsenide mean?

: a binary compound of arsenic with a more electropositive element.

What is gallium arsenide solar cell?

Gallium arsenide is an important semiconductor material for high-cost, high-efficiency solar cells and is used for single-crystalline thin-film solar cells and for multi-junction solar cells. The GaAs solar cells, manufactured by Kvant, were chosen because of their higher performance in high temperature environments.

What is gallium used for?

Gallium is a soft, silvery metal used primarily in electronic circuits, semiconductors and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). It is also useful in high-temperature thermometers, barometers, pharmaceuticals and nuclear medicine tests. The element has no known biological value.

What is arsenide charge?

An arsenide, an anion with the charge -3, is a rare mineral group consisting of compounds of one or more metals with arsenic (As).

What is the atomic number of arsenide?


atomic number 33
atomic weight 74.921595
melting point
(gray form) 814 °C (1,497 °F) at 36 atmospheres pressure

What is vanadium used in?

Vanadium can be used to make steel alloys, for use in space vehicles, nuclear reactors and aircraft carriers, etc. Vanadium steel alloys’ strength means that they are perfectly suited to the creation of tools, axels, piston rods and as girders in construction. Vanadium can be utilised in ceramics as a pigment.

Why is gallium used in electronic circuits?

Metallic gallium is magnetic and an excellent conductor of both heat and electricity (AMM, 2003). Since gallium arsenide (GaAs) is capable of converting electrical power into coherent laser light the compound is a key component of light emitting diodes (LED’s).

What is the arsenide ion?

Infobox references. In chemistry, an arsenide is a compound of arsenic with a less electronegative element or elements. Many metals form binary compounds containing arsenic, and these are called arsenides. They exist with many stoichiometries, and in this respect arsenides are similar to phosphides.

What kind of devices can gallium arsenide be used for?

Gallium arsenide is used in the manufacture of devices such as microwave frequency integrated circuits, monolithic microwave integrated circuits, infrared light-emitting diodes, laser diodes, solar cells and optical windows.

Where does oxidation of gallium arsenide take place?

Oxidation of GaAs occurs in air, degrading performance of the semiconductor. The surface can be passivated by depositing a cubic gallium(II) sulfide layer using a tert-butyl gallium sulfide compound such as ( t BuGaS) 7.

What are the frequencies of gallium arsenide transistors?

It has a higher saturated electron velocity and higher electron mobility, allowing gallium arsenide transistors to function at frequencies in excess of 250 GHz.

How does molecular beam epitaxy of gallium and arsenic work?

Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) of gallium and arsenic: 4 Ga + As 4 → 4 GaAs or 2 Ga + As 2 → 2 GaAs Oxidation of GaAs occurs in air, degrading performance of the semiconductor.