How is INTEGRILIN administered?
Withdraw the bolus dose(s) of INTEGRILIN from the 10-mL vial into a syringe. Administer the bolus dose(s) by IV push. Immediately following the bolus dose administration, initiate a continuous infusion of INTEGRILIN. When using an intravenous infusion pump, administer INTEGRILIN undiluted directly from the 100-mL vial.
Why is eptifibatide given by IV injection?
Eptifibatide reversibly inhibits platelet aggregation by preventing the binding of fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, and other adhesive ligands to GP IIb/IIIa. When administered intravenously, eptifibatide inhibits ex vivo platelet aggregation in a dose- and concentration-dependent manner.
When is eptifibatide used?
Eptifibatide is used to prevent blood clots or heart attack in people with severe chest pain or other conditions, and in those who are undergoing a procedure called angioplasty (to open blocked arteries).
Is INTEGRILIN a blood thinner?
BRAND NAME(S): Integrilin. USES: Eptifibatide is a type of “blood thinner” used to prevent blood clots that can cause a heart attack or other serious blood flow problems.
Does eptifibatide raise blood pressure?
Common side effects of Integrilin injection include: bleeding. low blood pressure.
What is eptifibatide made from?
Eptifibatide is a cyclic heptapeptide derived from a disintegrin protein (P22827) found in the venom of the southeastern pygmy rattlesnake (Sistrurus miliarius barbouri). It belongs to the class of the arginin-glycin-aspartat-mimetics and reversibly binds to platelets. Eptifibatide has a short half-life.
Why is eptifibatide given?
Eptifibatide has gained widespread acceptance as an adjunct to standard anticoagulation therapy in patients with acute coronary syndromes, and may be particularly useful in the management of patients with elevated troponin or undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions.
What class of drug is eptifibatide?
Eptifibatide (Integrilin, Millennium Pharmaceuticals, also co-promoted by Schering-Plough/Essex), is an antiplatelet drug of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor class.
How often should the platelet count be monitored for a patient receiving eptifibatide?
Since either repeat exposure with any GP IIb/IIIa ligand-mimetic agent (like abciximab or eptifibatide) or first-time exposure to a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor may be associated with immune-mediated thrombocytopenic responses, monitoring is required, i.e. platelet counts should be monitored prior to treatment, within 6 hours …
What is the half life of eptifibatide?
The extent of eptifibatide binding to human plasma protein is about 25 %. In the same population, plasma elimination half-life is approximately 2.5 hours, plasma clearance 55 to 80 ml/kg/hr and volume of distribution of approximately 185 to 260 ml/kg.
How many milligrams of eptifibatide per hour?
Patients weighing more than 121 kg should receive a maximum of 22.6 mg per bolus followed by a maximum infusion rate of 15 mg per hour. Acute Coronary Syndrome: IV bolus of 180 µg/kg as soon as possible following diagnosis, followed by a continuous infusion of 2.0 µg/kg/min until hospital discharge or initiation of CABG surgery, up to 72 hours.
How long do you have to take eptifibatide before surgery?
A minimum of 12 hours of infusion is recommended by the manufacturer. Alternatively, an infusion duration of 16 hours may be appropriate as noted in the ESPRIT substudy. In patients who undergo coronary artery bypass graft surgery, eptifibatide infusion should be discontinued prior to surgery.
Is the risk of bleeding higher with eptifibatide?
In clinical trials, incidence of bleeding complications was higher in the elderly in both placebo and eptifibatide groups, and the incremental risk of eptifibatide-associated bleeding was greater in the older patients. Adjust dose to renal function Thrombocytopenia (2.3%)
Is it safe to take eptifibatide on dialysis?
Dialysis. Although there has been no clinical experience on the use of eptifibatide in patients on dialysis, in vitro studies suggest it is not extensively bound to plasma proteins and thus may be cleared from plasma by dialysis. Use of eptifibatide is considered contraindicated in patients who are dependent on renal dialysis.