How many POPs are banned by Stockholm Convention?
The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi today ratified ban of seven Persistent Organic Pollutants(POP’s) listed under Stockholm Convention.
What chemicals were targeted by the Stockholm Convention?
Pesticides: aldrin, chlordane, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, mirex, toxaphene; Industrial chemicals: hexachlorobenzene, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); and.
What new restrictions came out in Stockholm Convention July 2020?
The European Commission (EC) now includes perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), its salts and PFOA-related substances under Part A of Annex I under EU persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Regulation. This amendment1 will apply from 4 July 2020 while the REACH Annex XVII entry 682 are planned to be removed.
What are most of the POPs listed in the Stockholm Convention Dirty Dozen used for?
The Stockholm Convention is a global treaty ratified by the international community and led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) that calls for the elimination and/or phasing out of 12 POPs, called the “dirty dozen”. Endrin is a foliar insecticide used mainly on field crops such as cotton and grains.
Are VOCs POPs?
VOCs and POPs are two of the most insidious forms of toxic contamination which are now thought to affect almost all human beings and, potentially, all life on earth. POPs are often solvents, pesticides or the by-products of industrial processes.
How many chemicals are in the Stockholm Convention?
The Conference of the Parties adopted amendments at its meetings. For quick overview, you can download the booklet introduces basic information on the 16 newly chemicals added to the Stockholm Convention.
When was PFOA added to the Stockholm Convention?
27.05. 2019 – The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants has unanimously voted to add perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) to the list of substances to be eliminated under the 2004 agreement dedicated to reducing POPs.
Is PFOA a pop?
The European Commission (EC) now includes perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), its salts and PFOA-related substances under Part A of Annex I under EU persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Regulation. These substances are identified as POPs during the 9th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Stockholm Convention.
What kind of chemicals are the dirty dozen POPs?
Along with PCBs, polychlorinated dioxins and furans these make up the “dirty dozen.” When DDT was first used on humans to fight the transmission typhoid fever via head lice, DDT did not affect people, as it is difficult for DDT to be absorbed through human skin.
Why are POPs restricted?
Intentionally Produced POPs DDT is placed in the restriction annex, which means that its production and use is restricted to disease-vector control. For PCBs, the Convention prohibits new PCB production and envisages phasing out electrical equipment that contains high concentrations of PCBs by 2025.
What is the difference between VOCs and POPs?
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are an integral part of the PBT (Persistent Bio-accumulative Toxic Chemicals), which additionally includes trace metals and organo-metal compounds. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are hydrocarbons that become volatile (change into gaseous form) at room temperature.
Why are POPs toxic?
POPs pose a particular hazard because of four characteristics: they are toxic; they are persistent, resisting normal processes that break down contaminants; they accumulate in the body fat of people, marine mammals, and other animals and are passed from mother to fetus; and they can travel great distances on wind and …