Is naphtha an alkane?

The alkanes, usually the naphtha fraction, are mixed with hydrogen and passed over a catalyst at ca 700 K and a pressure of ca 30 atm.

What products are made from naphtha?

Factories use naphtha as their most common raw material for the creation of plastics such as polypropylene and polyethylene. Different naphtha chemicals also find use as raw materials for the creation of petrochemicals including butane and gasoline.

What is another name for naphtha?

Alternative names Some names include ligroin, VM&P Naphtha (Varnish Makers and Painter’s Naphtha, Benzin, petroleum naphtha, petroleum spirits, and naphtha ASTM. Another name is shellite (Australia)—also known as white gas (North America), white spirit, or Coleman fuel—which is a white liquid with a hydrocarbon odor.

Is naphtha same as crude oil?

The fraction of the crude oil with a boiling range between 35°C and 210°C is referred to as naphtha. So gasoline is refined naphtha. Naphtha is also a valuable feedstock for the petrochemical industry and its most important process, steam cracking.

What is naphtha solvent?

Naphtha is a petroleum solvent similar to mineral spirits but with a greater volatility; it is used chiefly as a paint thinner or a cleaning agent. Naphtha is a more powerful solvent than mineral spirits, so less is needed to thin the same amount of paint.

What type of solvent is naphtha?

petroleum solvent
The term petroleum solvent describes the liquid hydrocarbon fractions obtained from petroleum and is used in industrial processes and formulations. These fractions are also referred to as naphtha or industrial naphtha.

What is naphtha composition?

Naphtha contains varying amounts of paraffins, olefins, naphthene constituents, and aromatics and olefins in different proportions in addition to potential isomers of paraffin that exist in naphtha boiling range.

What is VM & P naphtha?

An abbreviation for a trademark name of Varnish Makers and Painters Naphtha. VM&P naphtha is a aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent mixture distilled from petroleum. It has a boiling range of about 90-160C. VM&P naphtha is used as a paint thinner, metal degreaser and cleaning fluid.

What is naphtha in fertilizer?

Naphtha is used as a fuel in fertilizer plant reformers where high temperatures are required. It is also used as a fuel for steam generation in the plants where reforming is done with the help of steam.

What is naphtha in chemistry?

naphtha, any of various volatile, highly flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures used chiefly as solvents and diluents and as raw materials for conversion to gasoline. Naphtha was the name originally applied to the more volatile kinds of petroleum issuing from the ground in the Baku district of Azerbaijan and Iran.

What is naphtha?

1 : any of various volatile often flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures used chiefly as solvents and diluents.

How do you make naphtha?

Shale naphtha is obtained by the distillation of oil produced from bituminous shale by destructive distillation. Petroleum naphtha is a name used primarily in the United States for petroleum distillate containing principally aliphatic hydrocarbons and boiling higher than gasoline and lower than kerosene.

What is the chemical composition of naptha?

Light naphtha is the fraction boiling between 30 °C and 90 °C and consists of molecules with 5–6 carbon atoms. Heavy naphtha boils between 90 °C and 200 °C and consists of molecules with 6–12 carbon atoms.

Is naphtha solvent an organic solvent?

White spirit (UK) or mineral spirits (US), also known as mineral turpentine, turpentine substitute, petroleum spirits, solvent naphtha (petroleum), varsol, Stoddard solvent , or, generically, “paint thinner”, transparent liquid used as a common organic solvent in painting and decorating.

Is naphtha a compound?

Naphtha or Naphthalene is an Organic Compound with formula C10H8. It is the simplest Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon, and is a White Crystalline Solid with a characteristic odor that is detectable at concentrations as low as 0.08 ppm by mass.

Definition of solvent naphtha. : a flammable liquid distillate containing principally xylenes and higher aromatic hydrocarbons and usually boiling higher than ligroin, obtained especially from coal-tar light oils or coke-over-gas light oils or from petroleum cracking, and used chiefly as a solvent and as a raw material for coumarone-indene resins.