What are the parts of a roof called?

The Architectural Parts of a Pitched Roof

  • Roof plane: This is the surface of the roof.
  • Ridge: This is the top or peak of the roof, where two roof planes meet.
  • Valley: This is where two pitched roof faces connect and project inward.
  • Dormer: This is a roof feature that projects out from the roof face.

What are the peaks on a roof called?

Roof Ridge: The roof ridge, or ridge of a roof is the horizontal line running the length of the roof where the two roof planes meet. This intersection creates the highest point on a roof, sometimes referred to as the peak. Hip and ridge shingles are specifically designed for this part of a roof.

What are the structural parts of a roof?

Parts of a roof

  • Decking (or sheathing) Usually made from 1⁄2-inch plywood, the decking closes and reinforces the roof structure and provides a nailbed for the shingles.
  • Roof edge (or eaves edge) All the boards running along the edge of the roof or eaves.
  • Attic.
  • Saddle.
  • Ridge.
  • Valley.
  • Underlay membrane.
  • Eaves membrane.

What is the basic structure of a roof?

The major parts of a residential roof It consists of rafters and trusses, which are beams that form the shape of the roof and support the sheathing or the next layer. Drainage features are also established during the roof structure phase.

What is hip and ridge?

Hip An inclined angle where two sloping roof planes intersect. Ridge. The highest point on the roof that runs the entire length of the roof. line, formed by two planes of the roof intersecting.

What is roof Gable?

A gable roof is a roof consisting of two sections whose upper horizontal edges meet to form its ridge. The most common roof shape in cold or temperate climates, it is constructed of rafters, roof trusses or purlins. The pitch of a gable roof can vary greatly.

What are the four main parts of a roof?

What are the beams in a roof called?

The top-most beams of a roof truss. In most common roof styles, these are the two slanted beams that hang over the side of a building.

What is ridge cap?

Ridge cap is a special shingle that was designed for the harsh wind that hits the ridge of a roof. A ridge cap will not only be thicker than a regular shingle, they are also pre-bent. A cheap roofer will try and use 3-tab shingles which will crack over time due to the bend.

What is roof Valley?

A roof valley is formed where two roof slopes meet. Water collects in a valley to flow off the roof. Your choice of valley installation method is critical because, when improperly installed, valleys are risks for serious leaks. Essentially, there are three main ways to shingle a roof valley: woven, closed-cut and open.

What is hip and gable?

A hip-to-gable loft conversion essentially extends your property by replacing the sloping roof with a vertical wall, also known as a gable. With a hip-to-gable loft conversion, it is possible to extend both sloping sides to create a double hip-to-gable loft conversion.

What are sloping roofs?

A pitched roof is a roof that slopes downwards, typically in two parts at an angle from a central ridge, but sometimes in one part, from one edge to another. The ‘pitch’ of a roof is its vertical rise divided by its horizontal span and is a measure of its steepness. For more information, see Flat roof.

The layers of a roof are installed in an overlapping fashion to boost the waterproofing ability of the roof. So what are the different parts of the roof called? The basic components of every roof are shingles, waterproofing material, wood sheathing, and the beams of a roof truss.

What is the anatomy of a house roof?

Anatomy Of A Roof. Your roofing system has the following basic components and tasks: Gutters collect and drain rainwater away from your home. Downspouts are the exit spouts for water draining from the gutters. Flashing is the platsic or metal weather stripping along the drip edges of eaves , pipes, roof planes, vents and the chimney.

What is framing roof?

The roof framing is the structure that supports your roof. The main decision that needs to be made with erecting a roof is which material to use for its construction: timber or metal.