What bacteria causes necrotizing fasciitis?
There are many types of bacteria that can cause the “flesh-eating disease” called necrotizing fasciitis. Public health experts believe group A Streptococcus (group A strep) are the most common cause of necrotizing fasciitis. This web page only focuses on necrotizing fasciitis caused by group A strep bacteria.
Why does necrotizing fasciitis spread so quickly?
The infection often begins like most others – through a cut or a scrape. However, unlike other infections, this one spreads very quickly as the bacteria do their damage. They grow and release a harmful substance that destroys surrounding tissue and can enter the blood stream.
Can E coli cause necrotizing fasciitis?
Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious disease characterized by the necrosis of the subcutaneous tissues and fascia. E. coli as the etiologic agent of necrotizing fasciitis is a rare occurrence.
What antibiotics are used for necrotizing fasciitis?
Initial treatment includes ampicillin or ampicillin–sulbactam combined with metronidazole or clindamycin (59). Anaerobic coverage is quite important for type 1 infection; metronidazole, clindamycin, or carbapenems (imipenem) are effective antimicrobials.
Why does clindamycin treat necrotizing fasciitis?
In in vitro and animal models, clindamycin decreases toxin production in necrotizing fasciitis caused by invasive group A streptococci. Consequently, despite the lack of human data, many experts recommend the combination of clindamycin and penicillin for severe group A infections such as necrotizing fasciitis.
What organs does necrotizing fasciitis affect?
Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious infection of the skin, the tissue just beneath the skin (subcutaneous tissue), and the tissue that covers internal organs (fascia). Necrotizing fasciitis can be caused by several different types of bacteria , and the infection can arise suddenly and spread quickly.
Who is most likely to get necrotizing?
Many people who get necrotizing fasciitis are in good health before they get the infection. Your risk of getting this infection is higher if you: Have a weak immune system. Have chronic health problems such as diabetes, cancer, or liver or kidney disease.
What happens to a woman with bacterial vaginosis?
Bacterial vaginosis is associated with poor obstetrics and gynecologic outcomes such as preterm delivery, infection after surgeries such as a hysterectomy, and may make a woman more susceptible to sexually transmitted infections, especially HIV.
What kind of cream to use for bacterial vaginosis?
Clindamycin (Cleocin, Clindesse, others). This medicine is available as a cream that you insert into your vagina. Clindamycin cream may weaken latex condoms during treatment and for at least three days after you stop using the cream.
Which is the best treatment for noninfectious vaginitis?
Treatment of noninfectious vaginitis should be directed at the underlying cause. Atrophic vaginitis is treated with hormonal and nonhormonal therapies. Inflammatory vaginitis may improve with topical clindamycin as well as steroid application.
Can a new partner cause bacterial vaginosis?
But having sex with a new partner, or multiple partners, may increase your risk for BV. And sex sometimes leads to BV if your partner’s natural genital chemistry changes the balance in your vagina and causes bacteria to grow. What are bacterial vaginosis symptoms? BV doesn’t always have symptoms, so many people don’t even know they have it.