What causes chemical peritonitis?

Chemical (sterile) peritonitis may be caused by irritants such as bile, blood, barium, or other substances or by transmural inflammation of visceral organs (eg, Crohn disease) without bacterial inoculation of the peritoneal cavity.

What bacteria can cause peritonitis?

The gram-negative aerobic bacteria are the major factor in the development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, most notably of which include Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia. However, Staphylococcus aureus and other gram-positive bacteria are being considered as emerging agents causing this inflammation.

How long can peritonitis last?

If you’re diagnosed with peritonitis, you’ll need treatment in hospital to get rid of the infection. This might take 10 to 14 days. Treatment usually involves being given antibiotics into a vein (intravenously).

What organ can causes chemical peritonitis?

Bile or chemicals released by the pancreas may leak into the abdominal cavity. This may be caused by sudden swelling and inflammation of the pancreas. Tubes or catheters placed into the abdomen may cause this problem.

How long are you in the hospital with peritonitis?

What are the complications of peritonitis?

Complications of peritonitis include tertiary peritonitis, infection or dehiscence of the surgical site, enterocutaneous fistula, abdominal compartment syndrome, and enteric insufficiency.

What are the after effects of peritonitis?

The complications of secondary peritonitis include: an intra-abdominal abscess. gangrenous bowel, which is dead bowel tissue. intraperitoneal adhesions, which are bands of fibrous tissue that join abdominal organs and can cause bowel blockage.

What are the two main types of peritonitis?

Peritonitis is the inflammation of the inner lining of the abdominal cavity. There are two main types of peritonitis: spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and secondary peritonitis. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is usually due to an infection of the ascitic fluid from liver or kidney failure, with no identifiable source of the infection.

Can a rupture of the peritoneum cause an infection?

Infection of the peritoneum can happen for a variety of reasons. In most cases, the cause is a rupture (perforation) within the abdominal wall. Though it’s rare, the condition can develop without an abdominal rupture. This type of peritonitis is called spontaneous peritonitis.

How does peritonitis lead to serious health problems?

Peritonitis can lead to serious health problems very quickly. You will be admitted to a hospital. You will be given IV (intravenous) infection-fighting medicines (antibiotics). These will treat the infection. If you have organ failure, you may also be given other treatments.

What causes inflammation of the peritoneum in the abdomen?

Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneum — a silk-like membrane that lines your inner abdominal wall and covers the organs within your abdomen — that is usually due to a bacterial or fungal infection.