What clade are Waimanu in?

Results show that Waimanu belongs to Sphenisciformes, namely to crown + stem-penguins sensu Clarke et al. (2003). In contrast to the molecular results reported here, the clade of loons and grebes (Gaviiformes + Podicipediformes) appears as the sister taxon to Waimanu + other penguins.

What is phylogeny in genetics?

phylogeny, the history of the evolution of a species or group, especially in reference to lines of descent and relationships among broad groups of organisms.

What is phylogeny in evolution?

Phylogeny refers to the evolutionary history of the development of a species or of a taxonomic group of organisms. The phylogenetic relationships are depicted in the form of a phylogenetic tree, i.e. a tree diagram depicting how one taxon is closely or distantly related to another taxon.

What did the Waimanu evolve from?

Waimanu – 60-million year old penguins from New Zealand.

When did the Waimanu live?

60 million years ago
Waimanu is a genus of early penguin which lived during the Paleocene, soon after the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, around 62–60 million years ago. It was about the size of an emperor penguin (1 metre).

What is phylogeny in biology class 11?

Answer. 55.5k+ views. 13.4k+ likes. Hint: The study of relationships between various groups of organisms and their evolutionary development is known as phylogeny. Phylogeny is a branch of biology that studies the evolution of all living things on the planet.

What is meant by phylogeny and evolution tree?

A phylogeny, or evolutionary tree, represents the evolutionary relationships among a set of organisms or groups of organisms, called taxa (singular: taxon). The tips of the tree represent groups of descendent taxa (often species) and the nodes on the tree represent the common ancestors of those descendants.

What is phylogeny in bioinformatics?

A phylogenetic tree is a visual representation of the relationship between different organisms, showing the path through evolutionary time from a common ancestor to different descendants. Thus, molecular phylogenetics is a fundamental aspect of bioinformatics.

What is the oldest penguin to ever live?

According to Guinness World Records, the oldest penguin in captivity is a female gentoo penguin named Olde who was 41 as of this April .

When did Waimanu go extinct?

65 million years ago
He suggested that those ancient bird groups disappeared, along with dinosaurs, in a turnover at the catastrophic “KT boundary” extinction 65 million years ago.

Which is the first phylogenetic analysis of Sphenisciformes?

We present the first phylogenetic analysis of the Sphenisciformes that extensively samples fossil taxa. Combined analysis of 181 morphological characters and sequence fragments from mitochondrial and nuclear genes (12S, 16S, COI, cytochrome b, RAG-1) yields a largely resolved tree.

What is the phylogeny of the Aves Penguins?

A phylogeny of extant penguins (Aves: Sphenisciformes) combining morphology and mitochondrial sequences. Cladistics 21: 209-239.

Are there any fossils in the genus Spheniscus?

The only fossil taxa that fall inside the crown clade Spheniscidae are fossil species assigned to the genus Spheniscus. Thus, extant penguin diversity is more accurately viewed as the product of a successful radiation of derived taxa than as an assemblage of survivors belonging to numerous lineages.