What does a flight plan consist of?
They generally include basic information such as departure and arrival points, estimated time en route, alternate airports in case of bad weather, type of flight (whether instrument flight rules [IFR] or visual flight rules [VFR]), the pilot’s information, number of people on board and information about the aircraft …
What is flight route?
A route is a description of the path followed by an aircraft when flying between airports.
What is the purpose of a flight plan?
The purpose of a flight plan is to inform the competent ATS units enabling them to supervise the flight within the scope of air traffic control as well as the flight information service and alerting service. In order to process a flight plan, we must be familiar with the format of a flight plan.
What is operational flight plan?
The operator’s plan for the safe conduct of the flight based on consideration of the airplane’s performance, other operating limitations, and relevant expected conditions on the planned route and at the heliports concerned.
Why is flight planning important?
The number one priority of flight planning is assuring the safety of the aircraft and of its occupants. Upon the creation of the plan, planners must verify all NOTAMs – Notice To Air Men – for the departure and arrival airports, as well as the airspace regions by which the aircraft will pass.
What is VFR and IFR?
There are two sets of rules for flying any aircraft: VFR and IFR. VFR stands for Visual Flight Rules. IFR stands for Instrument Flight Rules. Depending on the weather conditions a pilot may opt for one set of rules or the other. Mostly, it’s the weather that makes the pilot fly VFR or IFR.
How do airlines decide which route to fly?
It turns out airlines decide where to fly based on location, hubs, stopovers, passenger interest (both in the route and how much they’re willing to pay), info purchased from airline booking companies, competition from other airlines, and a whole lot more.
Who makes the flight plan?
A: Flight plans are filed with air traffic control. If there is a reason to avoid an area it is stated in the flight plan. Pilots receive a clearance from ATC and fly that clearance. If there is a reason to change the route, pilots request an amended clearance.
What is VMC in aviation?
mc. Familiar to pilots of multi-engine aircraft, Vmc is the speed below which aircraft control cannot be maintained if the critical engine fails under a specific set of circumstances (see 14 CFR part 23). It is marked as a red radial line on most airspeed indicators.
What does a VOR do?
Very high frequency omni-directional range (VOR) is a type of short-range radio navigation system for aircraft, enabling aircraft with a receiving unit to determine its position and stay on course by receiving radio signals transmitted by a network of fixed ground radio beacons.
What is flight planning route?
A major part of your Flight Plan is your route. A route contains VORs (very high frequency omini-directional ranges), waypoints/fixes, and other navaids used to arrive at your destination. These are created to assist the Air Traffic Controller in remaining organized.
How do you make a flight plan?
Creating a Flight Plan. Select the action key. Select Flightplan > Create New. Select First Point. Select a category. Select the first point on the route. Select Next Point. Repeat steps 4–6 until the route is complete. Select Done to save the route.
What can a flight planning do?
The basic purpose of a flight planning system is to calculate how much trip fuel is needed in the air navigation process by an aircraft when flying from an origin airport to a destination airport.
What do you use for flight planning?
Your FAA flight plan requires a true airspeed. You will use TAS when you plan for your flight because it is a reflection of how fast you will actually fly through the air on any given flight. Because TAS takes into account altitude and temperature, it is a “true” reflection of your actual speed.