What is a parotid gland cyst?

A parotid cyst is a painless swelling or mass Forms in the major salivary glands, also known as the parotid glands. Although the specific cause of this condition is unknown, parotid cysts commonly occur in patients with HIV.

Are parotid cysts common?

Incidence. Lymphoepithelial (the so-called branchial) cysts within the parotid gland are rare. The first reported case of branchial cyst in the parotid gland was in 1895 by Hildebrant. Since then, about seventy cases of this type of cysts have been reported.

How do you get rid of a parotid gland cyst?

The parotid gland is removed under a general anaesthetic (you are asleep during the operation). The procedure will take approximately 1 to 2 hours. It involves a cut immediately in front of the ear and extending to the upper part of the neck. The cut will be made in a crease in the skin of the neck to hide the scar.

Are parotid cysts cancerous?

Tumors can occur in any of these glands, but the parotid glands are the most common location for salivary gland tumors. Most parotid tumors are noncancerous (benign), though some tumors can become cancerous.

What causes a parotid cyst?

Cysts can develop in the salivary glands after injuries, infections, stones or tumors. Sometimes babies are born with cysts in the parotid gland because of a problem with early development of the ears.

Is a cyst a tumor?

Tumors and cysts aren’t the same thing A cyst is a sac or capsule that’s filled with tissue, fluid, air, or other material. A tumor is usually a solid mass of tissue.

Is a parotid gland biopsy painful?

With a needle biopsy, you may feel some stinging or burning if a local numbing medicine is injected. You may feel pressure or mild discomfort when the needle is inserted. This should only last for 1 or 2 minutes. The area may feel tender or be bruised for a few days after the biopsy.

Can a tumor be mistaken for a cyst?

There are many conditions that can cause masses or lumps in soft tissue that have nothing to do with tumors. An infection or abscess is perhaps the most common cause behind a mass that is mistaken for a tumor. In addition, cysts may arise from inflamed joints or tendons as a result of injury or degeneration.

Can parotid gland cause ear pain?

When the infection occurs in the parotid glands, painful swelling or fullness may be present in front of the ear. If the infection is in the submandibular gland, the tenderness may be felt below the jaw or in the neck.