What is an example of a large igneous province?
The most important examples are the Deccan Traps (Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event), the Karoo-Ferrar (Pliensbachian-Toarcian extinction), the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (Triassic-Jurassic extinction event), and the Siberian traps (Permian-Triassic extinction event).
What is the largest known large igneous province in the world?
The Mackenzie Large Igneous Province
The Mackenzie Large Igneous Province is one of the world’s largest Proterozoic magmatic provinces, as well as one of the most well-preserved continental flood basalt terrains on Earth. Igneous rocks of the Mackenzie Large Igneous Province are generally mafic in composition, including basalt and gabbro.
Is Iceland a large igneous province?
The North Atlantic Igneous Province (NAIP) is a large igneous province in the North Atlantic, centered on Iceland.
Is basalt mafic?
Mafic rocks include basalt, its intrusive equivalent of gabbro, and a variety of less common rock types with higher or lower contents of Na and K. Andesite and its intrusive equivalent, diorite, with slightly higher silica content, are intermediate between mafic and felsic.
Is Yellowstone a large igneous province?
Yellowstone Park in the United States is actually a volcano caldera, a thin cork of earth that sits on top of a massive cache of broiling magma. Even more frightening is the prospect that another kind of super volcano, called a large igneous province (LIP), could become active sometime in the future.
What is this large igneous feature called?
Over long periods of time, magma chambers can crystallize into large intrusive igneous rock formations called batholiths.
Is basalt an igneous?
basalt, extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock that is low in silica content, dark in colour, and comparatively rich in iron and magnesium. Some basalts are quite glassy (tachylytes), and many are very fine-grained and compact.
Is quartz mafic?
Mafic minerals are usually dark in color and have relatively high specific gravities (greater than 3.0). Common rock-forming mafic minerals include olivine, pyroxene, amphibole, biotite mica, and the plagioclase feldspars. Common felsic minerals include quartz, muscovite mica, and the orthoclase feldspars.
Is the super volcano a large igneous province?
Is Hawaii a large igneous province?
Although not a Large Igneous Province (LIP) according to current definitions, Hawai’i has always been considered part of the LIP-related family of intraplate magmatism (e.g., Coffin and Eldholm, 1994; Bryan and Ernst, 2008; Ernst 2014).
What is a large igneous province quizlet?
Large igneous province: huge volumes of igneous rock; occur when head of mantle plume reaches base of lithosphere – partial melting causes large quantities of basaltic magma which cause it to spew out of ground. Flood basalts: basaltic lava erupts with low viscosity and flows far along landscape.