What is globalization according to Appadurai?

As we have already established, globalization refers to the increasing pace and scope of interconnections crisscrossing the globe. Anthropologist Arjun Appadurai has discussed this in terms of five specific “scapes” or flows: ethnoscapes, technoscapes, ideoscapes, financescapes, and mediascapes.

What does Appadurai mean by scapes?

Definition of the Appadurai Scapes Appadurai’s five scapes or flows are: ethnoscapes, technoscapes, ideoscapes, financescapes, and mediascapes. The five scapes by Appadurai explain how cultures around the world influence each other. # Appadurai’s Scapes.

What is Ethnoscape in globalization?

Ethnoscape refers to the flow of people across boundaries. While people such as labor migrants or refugees (see case study below) travel out of necessity or in search of better opportunities for themselves and their families, leisure travelers are also part of this scape.

What is predatory identity?

Primordial identity is defined as the ‘unique traditions and culture’ of a society, and predatory identity as the ‘chauvinistic, aggressive and militaristic expressions, often targeting societies that differ from them, in ethnic or religious terms’.

What are imagined worlds Appadurai?

Appadurai describes five different types of imagined world landscapes that help explain the nature of this “new” global economy: ethnoscapes (people who move between nations, such as tourists, immigrants, exiles, guestworkers, and refugees), technoscapes (technology, often linked to multinational corpo- rations).

What is an Ideoscape?

Ideoscape is a term introduced by Arjun Appadurai (1990) to represent one of the five contemporary global cultural flows that is constitutive of linked images and ideas related to the political discourses of the Enlightenment such as sovereignty, freedom, rights, welfare, representation, and democracy.

What is a Financescape?

The term “financescape” derives from the global theorist Arjun Appadurai (1996). He sees it as one of the perils of economic globalization, defined as “cross-border movements” of loans, equities, direct and indirect investments, and currencies that transcend the power of the nation-state.

What are examples of Financescape?

Examples include cash or electronic equivalents (like bank transfers), stocks via stock exchanges, currencies via the currency exchanges, commodities via the commodities markets, and in today’s era things like decentralized virtual currencies, such as Bitcoin via peer-to-peer mechanisms, as well as exchanges.

What are examples of Ethnoscape?

Ethnoscapes refers to people, specifically those who move from one place to another. Examples of such individuals include tourists, exiles, refugees, immigrants, students studying abroad, temporary workers abroad, and so on. As people move around for any reason, so do ideas and information.

What are some of Appadurai’s most important works?

Some of his most important works include Worship and Conflict under Colonial Rule (1981), Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy (1990), of which an expanded version is found in Modernity at Large (1996), and Fear of Small Numbers (2006).

What does Appadurai mean by Global Cultural Economy?

Disjuncture and difference in the global cultural economy. In L. Parks & S. Kumar (Eds.), Planet TV: A global television reader (pp. 40-52). New York: New York University Press. Appadurai outlines the landscape that allows for continuing homogenization of culture around the world.

How does Arjun Appadurai describe money and culture?

It’s the money that flows, and people, culture, “prosperity” follows. The second part of Appadurai’s book that I think is really useful is the way that he describes the local as socially constructed and produced, not territorially determined or bound.

What does Arjun Appadurai mean by deep disjunctures?

Appadurai points out that there are “deep disjunctures” between/among the first three, and that those disjunctures are refracted through the last two in multiple and conflicting ways.