What is misidentification syndrome?

Delusional misidentification syndromes are a group of delusional phenomena in which patients misidentify familiar person, objects, or self, and believe that they have been replaced or transformed. These syndromes are delusional because the misiden- tifications are false and are not correctable by experience or reason.

What causes delusional disorder?

Evidence suggests that delusional disorder can be triggered by stress. Alcohol and drug abuse also might contribute to the condition. People who tend to be isolated, such as immigrants or those with poor sight and hearing, appear to be more vulnerable to developing delusional disorder.

What is de Clerambault syndrome?

A syndrome which was first described by G.G. De Clerambault in 1885 is reviewed and a case is presented. Popularly called erotomania, the syndrome is characterized by the delusional idea, usually in a young woman, that a man whom she considers to be of higher social and/or professional standing is in love with her.

What is Reduplicative Paramnesia?

Abstract. Background: Reduplicative paramnesia (RP) is a content-specific delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) which has received little attention in the research literature relative to other DMS. RP is thought to result from an organic rather than psychiatric cause distinguishing it from other DMS.

What is double delusion?

The syndrome of subjective doubles is a rare delusional misidentification syndrome in which a person experiences the delusion that they have a double or Doppelgänger with the same appearance, but usually with different character traits, that is leading a life of its own.

What’s Othello’s syndrome?

Othello syndrome is a psychotic disorder characterized by delusion of infidelity or jealousy; it often occurs in the context of medical, psychiatric or neurological disorders.

How do you treat Othello syndrome?

A low-dose antipsychotic agent is the first line of pharmacological treatment, especially when a level of psychosis has been assessed. Pimozide 2 mg daily for several weeks is specifically indicated for monosymptomatic delusional states such as paranoid jealousy ideations and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

How did intermetamorphosis syndrome get its name?

This the name that is given to the misidentification syndrome characterised by delusions that some people have been transformed both physically and psychologically into other people. INTERMETAMORPHOSIS SYNDROME: “Joe had intermetamorphosis syndrome and though his family had been turned into other people.”

What are the symptoms of intermetamorphosis misidentification syndrome?

Intermetamorphosis is a delusional misidentification syndrome, related to agnosia. The main symptoms consist of patients believing that they can see others change into someone else in both external appearance and internal personality.

How is intermetamorphosis different from other DMSs?

While impairments in facial processing are experienced by most DMSs, it appears to be experienced more consciously in intermetamorphosis than in other DMSs. Cortical atrophy is also sometimes present, although this may be due to co-occurring dementia and other organic mental syndromes.

What kind of medication is used for intermetamorphosis?

Occasionally, antidepressants and lithium have been used, especially in the instance of a co-occurring mood or bipolar disorder.