## What is the action force of horse and wagon system?

The wagon pulls the horse backwards, and the ground pushes the horse forward. The net force is determined by the relative sizes of these two forces. If the ground pushes harder on the horse than the wagon pulls, there is a net force in the forward direction, and the horse accelerates forward.

When a horse pulls a cart The cart also pulls the horse backwards explain how the motion takes place?

Answer: A horse pushes the ground in a backward direction. According to Newton’s third law of motion, a reaction force is exerted on the horse in the forward direction.

When a horse pulls a cart the force between the horse and the cart?

The force in turn pulls the cart as the horse moves forward. So, the movement of the horse is due to the force exerted by the ground. This force is known as friction force.

### How does a horse cart move forward?

The horse-cart combo is applying a force to the ground via the horse’s hooves. The ground provides an equal and opposite reaction to the hooves so either the horse-cart will move forward or the Earth will spin in the opposite direction.

Why do carts move?

A horse attached to a cart is resting on a horizontal road. If the horse attempts to move by pulling the cart, according to the 3rd Newton’s Law, the cart will exert a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction, cancelling each other out and thus the horse and the cart should not move.

How does a horse pull a wagon?

In order to pull the cart horse pushes the ground with its foot in the backward direction by pressing the ground. As a reaction of this force, the ground pushes the horse in forward direction. As a result the cart is pulled by the horse in the forward direction.

#### Is action is always equal to the reaction explain how a horse can pull a cart?

According to Newton’s third law of motion, action force is equal to reaction but acts on two different bodies and in opposite directions. When a horse pushes the ground, the ground reacts and exerts a force on the horse in the forward direction. This force is able to overcome friction force of the cart and it moves.

What is the motion of a horse pulling a cart on a straight road?

(ii) Motion of a horse pulling a cart on a straight road – Straight line motion. As the horse cart is moving on a straight road. Therefore motion is along the straight line. (iii) Motion of a child in a merry-go-round – Circular motion.

What is a horse cart called?

also horsedrawn. adjective [ADJECTIVE noun] A horse-drawn carriage, cart, or other vehicle is one that is pulled by one or more horses. a horse-drawn open-topped carriage.

## Why does the ball land in the cart?

The ball leaving the launcher is an example of projectile motion because only one force acts on the ball—gravitational force. It’s the same equation for the motion of the cart in the x-direction. That means that at any point in time, the ball is above the cart, so obviously it lands in the cart.

What law of motion is pushing a cart?

Examples of Newton’s Second Law This means that more force is required to push the full shopping cart. The Law states: “When one object exerts a force on a second object, the second one exerts a force on the first that is equal in magnitude and opposite in direction.”

What happens if a horse tries to pull a cart?

If the horse tries to pull the cart, the horse must exert a force on the cart. By Newton’s third law the cart must then exert an equal and opposite force on the horse. Newton’s second law tells us that acceleration is equal to the net force divided by the mass of the system.

### Why is the force of a horse equal to that of a cart?

At rest, or at constant velocity, these two are equal in size, because the acceleration of the horse is zero. Therefore A = -B. The force the horse exerts on the cart is of equal size and opposite direction to the force the cart exerts on the horse, by Newton’s third law.

When does a horse and cart have no friction?

(This wouldn’t happen on level ground, but it could happen on a hill…) If the force that the wagon exerts on the horse is the same size as the force that the ground exerts, the net force on the horse is zero, and the horse does not accelerate.

How does Newton’s third law relate to a horse cart?

But, because it is accelerating, the force the horse exerts on the cart has increased. By Newton’s third law, the force of the cart on the horse has increased by the same amount. But the horse is also accelerating, so the friction of the ground on its hooves must be larger than the force the cart exerts on the horse.