What is the definition of poly victimization?

Polyvictimization refers to having experienced multiple victimizations such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, bullying, and exposure to family violence. The definition emphasizes experiencing different kinds of victimization, rather than. multiple episodes of the same kind of victimization.1.

Who coined the term Polyvictimization?

The term “polyvictimization” was introduced by American researcher David Finkelhor, in reference to young people who have experienced a number of different types of victimizations at a rate higher than the population average over the course of a given period of time (Finkelhor, Ormrod & Turner, 2007a).

Why is Polyvictimization important?

Broaden child protection. Awareness of the importance of polyvictimization suggests that the traditional child protective services (CPS) approach might benefit from some broadening of its capacities. An intervention system that helps children only in regard to threats from family members may be too narrow.

What is revictimization?

transitive verb. : to victimize (someone) again : to make a victim of (someone) again “This scam revictimized families who were already suffering from the collapse of the housing market.”— Eric Schneiderman.

What is multiple victimization?

225. Multiple victimization has been defined as the experience of two or more different types of victimization during a specific period of time (Olsvik, 2010).

What is recurring victimization?

By most definitions, repeat victimization, or revictimization, occurs when the same type of crime incident is experienced by the same—or virtually the same—victim or target within a specific period of time such as a year.

What is Polyvictimization quizlet?

Poly-victimization is a term that is generally used for childhood recurring victimization, when a person has experienced multiple forms of victimization. A near-repeat victimization occurs when a place is victimized that is close by or near in proximity to a place that was previously victimized.

What is vicarious victimization?

Vicarious victimization is a process that results from repeated empathetic engagement with populations who experience first-hand victimization, i.e., primary victimization. First, the term denotes the victimization that is indirectly transmitted from victim to victim service provider.

What is intimate terrorism?

Intimate terrorism” is violence embedded in a general pattern of coercive control. It is the violence that is encountered most often in shelter populations, in emergency rooms, and in law enforcement. In heterosexual relationships, it is perpetrated almost entirely by men. “

What causes Retraumatization?

Retraumatization is a conscious or unconscious reminder of past trauma that results in a re-experiencing of the initial trauma event. It can be triggered by a situation, an attitude or expression, or by certain environments that replicate the dynamics (loss of power/control/safety) of the original trauma.

What is meant by multiple or repeat victimization?

The concept of multiple victimization refers to victims who have suffered two or more types of crime or violence within a specific reference period.

a pattern of on-going or multiple victimizations (Clausen & Crittenden, 1991). Previously victim- ized children, particularly those experiencing child maltreatment or family violence, also appear

Where did the term Polyvictimization come from?

David Finkelhor’s research group originated the term, “polyvictimization” to refer to exposure to multiple (“poly”) types of victimization.

Who is most at risk for Polyvictimization?

Polyvictimization is much more prevalent among youth in care: 34% of children between 2 and 11 years old have suffered 4 or more types of victimization over a period of one year, as compared to 5% of children in the general population. Among adolescents (12 to 17 years old),

What kind of research is done on polyvictims?

A sub-group of polyvictims has been identified consistently in research conducted with community, school, psychiatric, child welfare, and juvenile justice samples of children and adolescents in numerous countries internationally.