What is the medical meaning for lysis?

(LY-sis) In biology, lysis refers to the breakdown of a cell caused by damage to its plasma (outer) membrane. It can be caused by chemical or physical means (for example, strong detergents or high-energy sound waves) or by infection with a strain virus that can lyse cells.

What does the word lysis?

-lysis. a combining form with the meaning “breaking down, loosening, decomposition,” used in the formation of compound words: analysis; electrolysis; paralysis.

What does lysis mean in surgery?

Lysis of adhesions is a surgery to cut bands of tissue that form between organs. These bands are called adhesions. They are often caused by scar tissue that formed after an earlier surgery.

What is lysis in respiration?

Lysis: The hexose biphosphate splits into two triose phosphates (3C sugars) 3. Oxidation: Hydrogen removed from the triose phosphates via oxidation (NAD is reduced to NADH + H+)

What does Ptysis mean?

Suffix: -ptysis. Suffix Definition: spitting. Definition: spitting up blood.

What is the purpose of lysis?

The word lysis comes from the greek word for “loosen.” Cell lysis is the process of rupturing the membrane or walls of a cell. The purpose of a cell lysis buffer is to use a chemical mixture to disrupt the exterior environment of a cell in a way that causes it to break open and release its contents.

What is lysis in fever?

Definition of lysis (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : the gradual decline of a disease process (such as fever) 2 : a process of disintegration or dissolution (as of cells) -lysis.

What does Desis mean in medical terms?

surgical fixation
4 Suffix

-desis surgical fixation, fusion arthrodesis
-drome run, running syndrome

What does Ptysis mean in medical terms?

(tī′sĭs) [Gr.] Spitting; the ejection of saliva from the mouth.

What does the suffix Cele mean in medical terms?

-cele. hernia, protrusion, swelling. hydrocele.

What causes cell lysis?

Cell lysis is a common outcome of viral infection. Cell lysis is actively induced by viruses using various mechanisms: Viroporins: Some eukaryotic lytic viruses like the Adenoviridae, and Picornaviridae encode viroporins in the late phase of infection in order to disrupt the cell membrane.

How does lysis occur?

Cytolysis, or osmotic lysis, occurs when a cell bursts due to an osmotic imbalance that has caused excess water to diffuse into the cell. Water can enter the cell by diffusion through the cell membrane or through selective membrane channels called aquaporins, which greatly facilitate the flow of water.

What is the meaning of lysis in biology?

(suffix: –lysis) Decomposition, breakdown or disintegration. Supplement. (cytology) Lysis occurs as a result of viral or osmotic mechanisms that compromise the integrity of the cell membrane. Word origin: from Greek λύσις, lysis from lyein = to separate.

Which is the correct definition of the word li’sis?

ly·sis. (lī’sis) 1. Destruction of red blood cells, bacteria, and other structures by a specific lysin, usually referred to by structure destroyed (e.g., hemolysis, bacteriolysis, nephrolysis).

What happens to potassium in the blood during lysis?

Cell lysis results in the release of enormous amounts of potassium, which is concentrated intracellularly, into extracellular fluid and results in hyperkalemia, which is one of the key laboratory manifestations of TLS.

What does cytology stand for in medical category?

Cytology refers to a branch of pathology, the medical specialty that deals with making diagnoses of diseases and conditions through the examination of tissue samples from the body.