What is the molecular structure of a nucleotide?
A nucleotide consists of a sugar molecule (either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA) attached to a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base. The bases used in DNA are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T). In RNA, the base uracil (U) takes the place of thymine.
What is molecular structure of DNA?
Each molecule of DNA is a double helix formed from two complementary strands of nucleotides held together by hydrogen bonds between G-C and A-T base pairs. Duplication of the genetic information occurs by the use of one DNA strand as a template for formation of a complementary strand.
What are the 4 nucleotides that shape DNA?
Because there are four naturally occurring nitrogenous bases, there are four different types of DNA nucleotides: adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C).
Which best describes the structure of a nucleotide?
A nucleotide consists of three things: A nitrogenous base, which can be either adenine, guanine, cytosine, or thymine (in the case of RNA, thymine is replaced by uracil). A five-carbon sugar, called deoxyribose because it is lacking an oxygen group on one of its carbons. One or more phosphate groups.
What nucleotides make up A nucleotide?
A nucleotide is an organic compound made up of three subunits: a nitrogenous base, a five-carbon sugar, and a phosphate group. The sugar component may either be ribose or deoxyribose. Ribose is the sugar component of the nucleotides that make up RNA. The deoxyribose sugar is the sugar component of DNA.
How do nucleotides in DNA pair?
Nucleotides form a pair in a molecule of DNA where two adjacent bases form hydrogen bonds. The nitrogenous bases of the DNA always pair up in specific way, purine with pyrimidine (A with T, G with C), held together by weak hydrogen bonds.
Which of the following is the correct structure of A nucleotide?
A nucleotide is made up of three parts: a phosphate group, a 5-carbon sugar, and a nitrogenous base. The four nitrogenous bases in DNA are adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine.
How many DNA nucleotides are present in this segment of DNA?
So each DNA molecule is made up of two strands, and there are four nucleotides present in DNA: A, C, T, and G. And each of the nucleotides on one side of the strand pairs with a specific nucleotide on the other side of the strand, and this makes up the double helix.
Which best describes the structure of a DNA molecule?
The right answer to the given question is option A) A double helix. It best describes the structure of a DNA molecule. Moreover, the DNA is not a single stranded and it does not comprise amino acids.
Which of the following is the correct structure of a nucleotide?
How are these nucleotides arranged?
All four nucleotides (A, T, G and C) are made by sticking a phosphate group and a nucleobase to a sugar. The sugar in all four nucleotides is called deoxyribose. It’s a cyclical molecule—most of its atoms are arranged in a ring-structure. The ring contains one oxygen and four carbons.
What are the four types of nucleotides of DNA?
The four types of nucleotides found in DNA are guanine, cytosine, adenine and thymine. These are nitrogenous bases and are subdivided into purines and pyrimidines. The purines are adenine and guanine , and the pyrimidines are cytosine and thymine.These four bases form complementary pairs in the DNA polymer,…
What does the Order of nucleotides in DNA determine?
The order of nucleotides in DNA determines the order of the aminoacid sequence in the protein after transcription and translation, in turn the order of the aminoacid sequence determines how the protein will fold and thus its function. So you can say that the order of nucleotides in DNA determines the function of the protein that will be created.
What is the actual size of a DNA nucleotide?
According to another study, when measured in a different solution, the DNA chain measured 22 to 26 angstroms wide (2.2 to 2.6 nanometres), and one nucleotide unit measured 3.3 Å (0.33 nm) long.
What are the parts of a nucleotide found in DNA?
A nucleotide is made up of three parts: a phosphate group, a 5-carbon sugar, and a nitrogenous base. The four nitrogenous bases in DNA are adenine , cytosine , guanine , and thymine . RNA contains uracil, instead of thymine.