What is the use of caustic soda?
Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) is a versatile alkali. Its main uses are in the manufacture of pulp and paper, alumina, soap and detergents, petroleum products and chemical production. Other applications include water treatment, food, textiles, metal processing, mining, glass making and others.
What is the boiling point of NaOH?
Sodium hydroxide/Boiling point
Is sodium hydroxide toxic?
Sodium hydroxide is a potentially dangerous substance. It can hurt you if it touches your skin, if you drink it or if you breathe it. Eating or drinking sodium hydroxide can cause severe burns and immediate vomiting, nausea, diarrhea or chest and stomach pain, as well as swallowing difficulties.
Is caustic soda same as baking soda?
caustic soda is another name of sodium hydroxide . it is used in soap and detergents while baking soda is a cooking soda I.e sodium bicarbonate.
Will caustic soda clean my toilet?
Caustic soda can be used to clean your toilet pipes if they are blocked. Add a small amount of baking soda to the stained areas of the toilet bowl brush and flush.
Is sodium hydroxide solution explosive?
Sodium Hydroxide itself does not burn. Sodium Hydroxide reacts with METALS (such as ALUMINUM, LEAD, TIN and ZINC) to form flammable and explosive Hydrogen gas.
Why is sodium hydroxide harmful?
Health Effects Sodium hydroxide is strongly irritating and corrosive. It can cause severe burns and permanent damage to any tissue that it comes in contact with. Sodium hydroxide can cause hydrolysis of proteins, and hence can cause burns in the eyes which may lead to permanent eye damage.
Can you mix caustic soda and vinegar?
The reaction can be violent and may damage the pipes, could release harmful gases or may not work at all because only a small portion of the blockage is exposed to the vinegar. It’s dangerous to combine caustic soda with any other chemicals in your drain, even hot water, because of the amount of heat released.
What can I use instead of caustic soda?
Magnesium hydroxide as a substitute for caustic soda and lime. Magnesium hydroxide is the least expensive and most powerful alkaline chemical treatment available on the market for pH control applications. At the same time, it is by far the safest and most gentle to use.
How to write the net ionic equation for HClO4 + NaOH?
There are three main steps for writing the net ionic equation for HClO4 + NaOH= NaClO4 + H2O (Perchloric acid + Sodium hydroxide). First, we balance the mole…
Which is more stable sodium hypochlorite or NaOCl?
Stability of the solid. It is a white solid with the orthorombic crystal structure. Sodium hypochlorite can also be obtained as a crystalline pentahydrate NaOCl ·5 H 2O, which is not explosive and is much more stable than the anhydrous compound. The formula is sometimes given as 2 NaOCl ·10 H 2O.
Why is sodium hypochlorite used as a phase transfer catalyst?
2(OCl) (OH). Oxidation of starch by sodium hypochlorite, that adds carbonyl and carboxyl groups, is relevant to the production of modified starch products. In the presence of a phase-transfer catalyst, alcohols are oxidized to the corresponding carbonyl compound ( aldehyde or ketone ).