What is uterine cytology?

Cytologic evaluation of the uterus involves the collection and interpretation of cells lining the uterus (endometrium) and within the uterine lumen. Cytology is used in conjunction with culture and biopsy in the diagnosis of endometritis.

What cancer starts in the uterus?

Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ where fetal development occurs. Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is sometimes called uterine cancer.

What is the most common type of uterine cancer?

The most common type of uterine cancer is endometrial cancer. Endometrial cancer starts when cells in the endometrium proliferate. Uterine sarcoma, a rare form of uterine cancer, is also a type of cancer that grows within the uterine muscles or other tissues that support the uterus.

What is EAC Gynaecology?

Background Endometrial adenocarcinoma (EAC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed gynaecological malignancies among female population of the developed countries.

How is uterine cancer detected?

In addition to a physical examination, the following tests may be used to diagnose uterine cancer:

  • Pelvic examination.
  • Endometrial biopsy.
  • Dilation and curettage (D&C).
  • Transvaginal ultrasound.
  • Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Molecular testing of the tumor.

How long does it take to get results from an endometrial biopsy?

Your doctor should have the results approximately 7 to 10 days after the biopsy. You may experience some light spotting or bleeding after the procedure, so you’ll be given a menstruation pad to wear.

Can you have uterine cancer and not bleed?

If you’ve gone through menopause, it’s especially important to report any vaginal bleeding, spotting, or abnormal discharge to your doctor. Non-bloody vaginal discharge may also be a sign of endometrial cancer. Even if you can’t see blood in the discharge, it doesn’t mean there’s no cancer.

Can you see uterine cancer on an ultrasound?

For a better view of the inside of your uterus, your doctor may recommend a transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS). In this case, the transducer gets close-up images from inside your vagina. Your doctor can look for a mass (tumor) or see if the endometrium is thicker than usual, which can signal endometrial cancer.

What blood test shows uterine cancer?

CA-125 blood test. CA-125 is a substance released into the bloodstream by many, but not all, endometrial and ovarian cancers. If a woman has endometrial cancer, a very high blood CA-125 level suggests that the cancer has likely spread beyond the uterus. Some doctors check CA-125 levels before surgery or other treatment …

How is peritoneal cytology related to endometrial cancer?

Prognostic significance of malignant peritoneal cytology in endometrial cancer patients in comparison with those with ovarian cancer has been less well defined. At present, positive peritoneal cytology is not a negative prognostic factor itself, but it enhance other negative prognostic indicators.

Are there positive cytology for early stage CANC?

The incidence rate of positive cytology varies widely and the clinical significance of the positive results, especially in patients with early stage of endometrial canc … The results as well as prognostic interpretation of peritoneal washing cytology in endometrial cancer cases is still controversial.

What are the cytologic features of endometrial adenocarcinoma?

Cytologic features vary and may include clear cells or aggregates of cells in strips, sheets, papillae, rosettes or corolla-like arrangements Cells are more columnar and more commonly shed as sheets of cells in comparison to endometrial adenocarcinoma cells, which are more round and tend to exfoliate as single cells and small clusters