What kind of infections can be transferred by stem cell transplants?

Types of Infections After Stem Cell or Organ Transplants

  • Staphylococcal Infection. Staphylococcal infections, also known simply as “staph infections,” involve a type of bacterium commonly found on the skin and in the noses of healthy people.
  • E. coli Infection.
  • Mycobacterial Infection.
  • Fungal Infection.

Can GVHD affect the brain?

Severity of chronic GVHD is staged according to the number of organ manifestations and the severity of organ involvement (Filipovich et al., 2005). Neurological manifestations of chronic GVHD are rare and can affect both the peripheral and central nervous system (PNS and CNS) (Openshaw, 2009).

What are the long term side effects of a stem cell transplant?

Long-term side effects

  • Infertility, meaning you cannot become pregnant or make a woman pregnant when you want to.
  • Cataracts, an eye condition that causes cloudy vision.
  • Sexual side effects and early menopause.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Lung or bone damage.
  • Another cancer.

What are two possible negative side effects from a stem cell transplant?

Stem Cell or Bone Marrow Transplant Side Effects

  • Mouth and throat pain.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Infection.
  • Bleeding and transfusions.
  • Interstitial pneumonitis and other lung problems.
  • Graft-versus-host disease.
  • Hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD)
  • Graft failure.

What diseases can stem cells cause?

In stem cell transplants, stem cells replace cells damaged by chemotherapy or disease or serve as a way for the donor’s immune system to fight some types of cancer and blood-related diseases, such as leukemia, lymphoma, neuroblastoma and multiple myeloma. These transplants use adult stem cells or umbilical cord blood.

What is a stem cell infection?

If you receive stem cells from a donor, the transplanted stem cells may attack your body. This is known as graft-versus-host disease, which can increase your risk for fungal infection.

Can GVHD cause neuropathy?

Chronic GVHD can cause peripheral neuropathy as well.

Is graft versus host disease fatal?

GVHD is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition in which the donor cells attack the recipient’s healthy cells, causing a range of medical problems.

What is the life expectancy after a stem cell transplant?

A stem cell transplant may help you live longer. In some cases, it can even cure blood cancers. About 50,000 transplantations are performed yearly, with the number increasing 10% to 20% each year. More than 20,000 people have now lived five years or longer after having a stem cell transplant.

Can a stem cell transplant change your personality?

The treatment you receive as part of your stem cell transplant may affect your body in different ways, depending on the type of treatment and your physical condition. It can affect you emotionally (depression, stress, anxiety) and physically (fatigue, pain, hair loss, infertility).

What diseases are treated with stem cells?

Diseases Treated with Stem Cell Transplants

  • Acute leukemia.
  • Amegakaryocytosis or congenital thrombocytopenia.
  • Aplastic anemia or refractory anemia.
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
  • Familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome of another myelodysplastic disorder.
  • Osteopetrosis.