What languages make up Afro-Asiatic?

Linguists generally recognize six divisions within the Afro-Asiatic phylum: Amazigh (Berber), Chadic, Cushitic, Egyptian, Omotic, and Semitic.

Is Hebrew Afro-Asiatic?

Afro-Asiatic, formerly called Hamito-Semitic, is the largest language family of northern Africa. Since Arabic, Hebrew, Coptic, and Syriac, are the languages of Islam, Judaism, and two sects of the Christian faith, the language family reaches many millions of people in addition to first-language speakers.

What is Afro-Asiatic?

: of, relating to, or being a family of languages widely distributed over southwestern Asia and Africa including the Semitic, Egyptian, Berber, Cushitic, and Chadic subfamilies.

Is Berber an Afro-Asiatic language?

What Are The Afro-Asiatic Languages? There are six branches of the Afro-Asiatic family: Berber, Chadic, Cushitic, Egyptian, Omotic and Semitic. Languages in all but the Egyptian branch are still spoken today. The Egyptian Afro-Asiatic languages became extinct (or fell out of everyday use) by the 17th or 18th century.

What is the most widely spoken Afro-Asiatic language in the world?

By far the most widely spoken Afroasiatic language or dialect continuum is Arabic. A de facto group of distinct language varieties within the Semitic branch, the languages that evolved from Proto-Arabic have around 313 million native speakers, concentrated primarily in the Middle East and North Africa.

What language family is Coptic?

Afro-Asiatic Egyptian Coptic
Coptic language

Language family Afro-Asiatic Egyptian Coptic
Early forms Archaic Egyptian Old Egyptian Middle Egyptian Late Egyptian Demotic
Writing system Coptic alphabet
Language codes

When was proto Afro-Asiatic spoken?

Afro-Asiatic languages Proto-Afro-Asiatic is of great antiquity; experts tend to place it in the Mesolithic Period at about 15,000–10,000 bce.

What percentage of the world speaks Afro-Asiatic?

Language families by speakers

Language family Approx. # of speakers % of world population
1. Indo-European 2.562 billion 44.78%
2. Sino-Tibetan 1.276 billion 22.28%
3. Niger-Congo 358 million 6.26%
4. Afro-Asiatic 340 million 5.93%

What countries use Afro-Asiatic language?

Among the countries included in this language family are: Chad, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan, Egypt, Algeria, and Ethiopia. Proto-Afro-Asiatic is proposed to have been spoken 18,000 years ago near the Horn of Africa (eastern Africa).

When was proto-Afro-Asiatic spoken?

Is the Berber language Semitic?

In the early 19th century, linguists grouped the Berber, Cushitic and Egyptian languages within a “Hamitic” phylum, in acknowledgement of these languages’ genetic relation with each other and with those in the Semitic phylum.

Is Coptic ancient Egyptian?

The Coptic language is the final stage of the ancient Egyptian language, but it is written in the Greek alphabet, except for seven letters. The majority of Coptic words are taken from the ancient Egyptian language, with only two thousand words borrowed from Greek.