What was an Athenian military innovation?
Athenian Military Innovations. The Athenian trireme was a superfast galley that was different from anything else at that time. With the introduction of the trireme, however, a new tactic was added to naval combat-ramming opposing ships.
What was Athens military known for?
During the Greco-Persian Wars, Athens developed a large, powerful navy in the eastern Mediterranean Sea that defeated the even larger Persian Navy at the Battle of Salamis. The Athenian Navy consisted of 80,000 crewing 400 ships. Its fleet was destroyed and its empire lost during the Peloponnesian War.
How were the Athenians innovative?
They brought us democracy, science, philosophy, written contracts, taxes, writing, and schools. But the apex of their civilization, sandwiched between two wars, lasted just 24 years—in human history, a lightning flash across the summer sky.
What things did Athens invent?
The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war. All public officials and even generals commanding the army were elected or chosen through a lottery.
What were the reasons the Athenians lost the war?
In 430 BC, an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.
What 3 things did Athenian education promote?
The goal was that they would be educated enough to advance their society as they grew. They learned basic things like reading, writing and math. Then studied poetry and learned play instruments, before receiving athletic training, where they learned to play games and keep in shape.
How was the Athenian military?
Overview. The Athenian Army was a city-state militia in which every able-bodied, adult, male citizen was obliged to serve. Men were ranked by wealth, and their service obligation reflected their resources.
Why was Athens successful?
This rise occurred largely due to its prominent location and control of key trading routes and leadership in the wars against Persia. While other Greek cities held more powerful armies, such as Sparta, Athens’ leadership proved attractive and helped pave the way for its influence.
What has Greece contributed to the world?
The Greeks made important contributions to philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. The Greeks were known for their sophisticated sculpture and architecture. Greek culture influenced the Roman Empire and many other civilizations, and it continues to influence modern cultures today.
What are three facts about Athens?
15 Incredible Facts About Athens
- Athens is Europe’s oldest capital.
- Athens has experienced almost every form of government.
- If it weren’t for an olive tree, Poseidon might have been the city’s patron.
- The ancient Olympic games were never held in Athens.
- Athens is home to the first known democracy.
How did the Athenian military change the world?
Naval dominance was a trademark of the Athenian military. The Athenian army was no match for the size and effectiveness of the Spartan army, but what they lacked on land, they made up for at sea, with an innovation that completely changed the face of naval warfare and would make Athens the dominant naval power for a century or more. (1)
Why did the Athenians go to war during the demos?
In so doing, the Athenian dēmos overcame the traditional conception of courage that elsewhere tended to stifle military innovations. This represented a qualitative change from its military record before the democracy. 16 Sixth-century Athenians went to war usually only for the sake of contested border lands.
What was the size of the Athenian navy?
During the Persian wars Athens developed a large, powerful navy in the eastern Mediterranean that destroyed the even larger Persian navy at the Battle of Salamis. The Athenian Navy consisted of 80,000 men crewing 400 ships.
What did the attendants do in the Athenian military?
While generally armed with javelins, they sometimes had spears, slings or bows. The attendants acted as skirmishers before the pitched battle and were assigned to guard the camp during the actual fight.