## When should a chi-square test be used?

A chi-square test is a statistical test used to compare observed results with expected results. The purpose of this test is to determine if a difference between observed data and expected data is due to chance, or if it is due to a relationship between the variables you are studying.

## How do you do a chi-square test in SPSS?

Calculate and Interpret Chi Square in SPSS

- Click on Analyze -> Descriptive Statistics -> Crosstabs.
- Drag and drop (at least) one variable into the Row(s) box, and (at least) one into the Column(s) box.
- Click on Statistics, and select Chi-square.
- Press Continue, and then OK to do the chi square test.

**When you run non-parametric tests for 2 or more independent samples in SPSS What is the default selection of exact test method?**

This is for comparing two or more independent groups on one variable. The procedure has “Option” submenu and “Exact” submenu if you have license for Exact Test. Test type- Kruskal-Wallis is the default, and is one of the most popular tests.

**Under what circumstances should the chi-square statistic not be used?**

Most recommend that chi-square not be used if the sample size is less than 50, or in this example, 50 F2 tomato plants. If you have a 2×2 table with fewer than 50 cases many recommend using Fisher’s exact test.

### What are the conditions for applying chi square test?

The chi-square goodness of fit test is appropriate when the following conditions are met: The sampling method is simple random sampling. The variable under study is categorical. The expected value of the number of sample observations in each level of the variable is at least 5.

### Under what circumstances would you use a non parametric test?

When to use it Non parametric tests are used when your data isn’t normal. Therefore the key is to figure out if you have normally distributed data. For example, you could look at the distribution of your data. If your data is approximately normal, then you can use parametric statistical tests.

**What are the assumptions of non-parametric test?**

The common assumptions in nonparametric tests are randomness and independence. The chi-square test is one of the nonparametric tests for testing three types of statistical tests: the goodness of fit, independence, and homogeneity.

**What is parametric and non-parametric test in SPSS?**

A parametric statistical test is one that makes assumptions about the parameters (defining properties) of the population distribution(s) from which one’s data are drawn. A non-parametric test is one that makes no such assumptions.

#### How do you calculate chi square test?

To calculate chi square, we take the square of the difference between the observed (o) and expected (e) values and divide it by the expected value. Depending on the number of categories of data, we may end up with two or more values. Chi square is the sum of those values.

#### How do you run a chi square test?

How To Run A Chi-Square Test In Minitab 1. Select Raw Data: 2. View Data Table: 3. Go to Stat > Tables > Cross Tabulation and Chi-Square: 4. Click on the following check boxes: 5. Click OK 6. Click OK again:

**When to run a chi squared test?**

Use the chi-square test of independence when you have two nominal variables and you want to see whether the proportions of one variable are different for different values of the other variable. Use it when the sample size is large.

**How do you calculate chi test?**

The calculation of the statistic in the chi square test is done by computing the sum of the square of the deviation between the observed and the expected frequency, which is divided by the expected frequency.