Which style of architecture is used in the construction of temples at Pattadakal?
Four temples were built in the Chalukya Dravida style, four in the Nagara style of Northern India, while the Papanatha temple is a fusion of the two.
Who built Pattadakal Virupaksha temple?
Virupaksha Temple (previously known as Lokesvara Temple) is the largest temple in the Pattadakal complex. It was built by Queen Lokamahadevi in the 8th century to commemorate the victory of her husband Vikramaditya II over the Pallavas.
What do you know about Virupaksha Temple?
Virupaksha Temple is the main center of pilgrimage at Hampi, and had been considered the most sacred sanctuary over the centuries. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, known here as Virupaksha/Pampa pathi, as the consort of the local goddess Pampadevi who is associated with the Tungabhadra River.
What is Chalukya style of architecture?
Chalukya architecture has both cave temples design and structured temple design. Chalukya architects used stellate plan or northern stepped diamond plan for architectural design. The decorative pillars with its intricate design of western Chalukya architecture is also known to gadag style of architecture.
Which place is called as the cradle of temple architecture?
A tranquil village located on the banks of the Malaprabha river, Aihole is known as the cradle of Hindu temple architecture. It is situated at a height of around 590 m and is about 480 km from Bangalore. Aihole was the first capital of the Chalukya kings and was built around the 4th to 7th century.
When Virupaksha temple was built?
Under the Vijayanagara rule, it was constructed upon to achieve epic proportions. Today, the main shrine is dedicated to Lord Virupaksha, an incarnation of Lord Shiva and the 49-m-high (approximately) tower or gopuram of the temple is said to have been constructed in 1442.
Is Pattadakal and Hampi same?
At a distance of 514 kms from Bangalore and just a 22 kms long excursion from the rock cut caves of Badami, Pattadakal is a famous historical town in Karnataka. Hampi and Pattadakal are the only world heritage sites in Karnataka as declared by the UNESCO.
What kind of architecture is in Pattadakal temple?
Pattadakal’s monuments reflect a fusion of two major Indian architectural styles – one from North India (Rekha-Nagara-Prasada) and the other from South India (Dravida-Vimana). Most of the temples house a garbha griha (sanctum sanctorum) that leads to an antarala (vestibule), which is joined by a pillared mandapam (hall).
What kind of architecture does Papanatha temple have?
Constructed in 680 AD, Papanatha temple is a blend of Nagara style and Vesara style of architecture. Located in the southern side of Virupaksha temple, it has a big antechamber, portico, main hall and the sanctum with a circular pathway. The 16 pillars in the main hall have beautiful carvings of females and couples.
How big is the eastern gateway of Virupaksha temple?
There are courtyards, a pillared monastery, few small shrines; and entrance ways surrounding the temple. Among all the gateways, the eastern gateway is the greatest. It is nine-tiered and 50 meters in length. It is well built and has some previous structures.
Why is Pattadakal a UNESCO World Heritage Site?
Pattadakal Located on the banks of the Malaprabha River, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is a testament to the richness of Chalukyan architecture during the 7th and 8th centuries and is renowned for its intricately chiselled temples. The temples in Pattadakal bear testimony to the richness and timeless splendour of the Chalukyan architecture.