Who was Ben Bella in history?

Youth. Ahmed Ben Bella was born in Maghnia, in the former department of Oran, western Algeria to Moroccan parents, on 25 December 1916, during the height of the French colonial period. Ben Bella was the son of a farmer and small businessman; he had five brothers and two sisters.

How many French died in the Algerian war?

More than 100,000 Muslim and 10,000 French soldiers were killed in the seven-year Algerian War, along with thousands of Muslim civilians and hundreds of European colonists.

Why did France go to War with Algeria?

Algerian War, also called Algerian War of Independence, (1954–62) war for Algerian independence from France. Despite terrorist acts by French Algerians opposed to independence and an attempted coup in France by elements of the French army, an agreement was signed in 1962, and Algeria became independent.

Which organization first raised the demand for the independence of Algeria?

The National Liberation Army (Armée de Libération Nationale, ALN), the FLN’s military arm, was to conduct the War of Independence within Algeria.

Who is the founder of Algeria?

Khair ad Din
Painting of Khair ad Din, also known as Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha, considered to be the founder of modern Algeria. The final triumph of the 700-year Christian reconquest of Spain was marked by the fall of Granada in 1492.

Why was the Algerian war so violent?

The violence first skyrocketed when the French responded to an FLN-led general strike and bombings by combing the city for pro-independence fighters. The military relied primarily on neighborhood raids, arrests, and torture, focusing its sweeps in the Casbah slum, an opposition stronghold.

Who won the Algerian war?

Algerian War

Date 1 November 1954 – 19 March 1962 (7 years, 4 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
Location French Algeria
Result Algerian independence Military stalemate FLN political victory Évian Accords End of the French Colonial Empire Collapse of the Fourth French Republic Establishment of the Fifth Republic

Is Algiers a French colony?

French colonial rule over Algeria spanned 132 years, beginning in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasting until the Algerian War of Independence which concluded in 1962. Whilst the nature of French rule changed over this time, Algeria was administered as an integral part of France from 1848 until independence.

Who won Algerian war?

Where was Ahmed Ben Bella during the Algerian War?

At the outbreak of the Algerian War in 1954, Ben Bella was based in Cairo, where he had become one of the nine members of the Revolutionary Committee of Unity and Action that headed the Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN), founded in November that year during a secret meeting of Algerian leaders in Switzerland.

Who was the first president of Algeria in 1963?

Ahmed Ben Bella (Arabic: أحمد بن بلّة‎ Aḥmad bin Billah; 25 December 1916 – 11 April 2012) was an Algerian socialist soldier and revolutionary who was the first President of Algeria from 1963 to 1965.

Where was Ahmed Ben Bella born and raised?

Ahmed Ben Bella was born in Maghnia, in the former department of Oran, western Algeria, on 25 December 1916, during the height of the French colonial period. He was the son of a farmer and small businessman, who supported his family through this economic activities.

Why was Ahmed Ben Bella important to the FLN?

Ben Bella (right) after his arrest by the French army. Ben Bella played an important role on the war leading the FLN, organizing the shipment of foreign weapons and coordinating political strategy. Although he was not present in Algeria, attempts against his life persisted.